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Digital Bridge

Singh, H., Tang, T., Steele Gray, C., Kokorelias, K., Thombs, R., Plett, D., Heffernan, M., Jarach, C. M., Armas, A., Law, S., Cunningham, H. V., Nie, J. X., Ellen, M. E., Thavorn, K., & Nelson, M. (2022). Recommendations for the Design and Delivery of Transitions-Focused Digital Health Interventions: Rapid Review. JMIR aging, 5(2), e35929.

Kokorelias, K. M., Nelson, M., Tang, T., Steele Gray, C., Ellen, M., Plett, D., Jarach, C. M., Xin Nie, J., Thavorn, K., & Singh, H. (2022). Inclusion of Older Adults in Digital Health Technologies to Support Hospital-to-Home Transitions: Secondary Analysis of a Rapid Review and Equity-Informed Recommendations. JMIR aging, 5(2), e35925.

Singh, H., et al. (2021). How Digital Health Solutions Align with the Roles and Functions that Support Hospital to Home Transitions for Older Adults: A Rapid Review Study Protocol. BMJ Open, 11(2), e045596. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-045596

Steele Gray et al. (2020). Building a Digital Bridge to Support Patient-Centered Care Transitions From Hospital to Home for Older Adults With Complex Care Needs: Protocol for a Co-Design, Implementation, and Evaluation Study. JMIR Research Protocols, 9(11), e20220. doi: 10.2196/20220


Tahsin, F., Austin, T., McKinstry, B., Mercer, S. W., Loganathan, M., Thavorn, K., Upshur, R., & Steele Gray, C. (2022). Examining Use Behavior of a Goal-Supporting mHealth App in Primary Care Among Patients With Multiple Chronic Conditions: Qualitative Descriptive Study. JMIR human factors, 9(4), e37684.

Miranda, R. N., Bhuiya, A. R., Thraya, Z., Hancock-Howard, R., Chan, B. C., Steele Gray, C., Wodchis, W. P., & Thavorn, K. (2022). An Electronic Patient-Reported Outcomes Tool for Older Adults With Complex Chronic Conditions: Cost-Utility Analysis. JMIR aging, 5(2), e35075. 


Singh, H., et al. (2021). Exploring the perspectives of primary care providers on use of the electronic Patient Reported Outcomes tool to support goal-oriented care: a qualitative study. BMC medical informatics and decision making, 21(1), 366. doi:10.1186/s12911-021-01734-0

Steele Gray et al. (2021). Assessing the Implementation and Effectiveness of the Electronic Patient-Reported Outcome Tool for Older Adults With Complex Care Needs: Mixed Methods Study. JMIR 23(12), e29071. doi: 10.2196/29071


Tahsin, F., et al. (2021). Exploring the relationship between the usability of a goal-oriented mobile health application and non-usage attrition in patients with multimorbidity: A blended data analysis approach. doi:10.1177/20552076211045579

Steele Gray et al. (2019). User-centred co-design with multiple user groups: The case of the electronic Patient Reported Outcome (ePRO) mobile application and portal. International Journal of Integrated Care, 19(4), 439. doi:10.5334/ijic.s3439

Steele Gray et al. (2019). Using Exploratory Trials to Identify Relevant Contexts and Mechanisms in Complex Electronic Health Interventions: Evaluating the Electronic Patient-Reported Outcome Tool. JMIR formative research, 3(1), e11950. doi:10.2196/11950

Steele Gray et al. (2018). Too complex to test? Using exploratory trials to identify relevant contexts and mechanisms prior to larger scale evaluations. International Journal of Integrated Care, 18(s2), 85. doi: 10.5334/ijic.s2085

Irfan Khan A., et al. (2018). mHealth Tools for the Self-Management of Patients With Multimorbidity in Primary Care Settings: Pilot Study to Explore User Experience. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 6(8), e171. doi: 10.2196/mhealth.8593

Hans, P. K., et al. (2017). The provider perspective: investigating the effect of the Electronic Patient-Reported Outcome (ePRO) mobile application and portal on primary care provider workflow. Primary health care research & development, 19(2), 151–164. doi: 10.1017/S1463423617000573

Steele Gray et al. (2016). The Electronic Patient Reported Outcome Tool: Usability and Feasibility of a Mobile App and Portal to Support Care for Patients with Complex Chronic Disease and Disability in Primary Care Settings. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 4(2), e58. doi: 10.2196/mhealth.5331.


Steele Gray et al. (2016). Improving Patient Experience and Primary Care Quality for Patients with Complex Chronic Disease and Disability Using the Electronic Patient-Reported Outcomes Tool: Adopting Qualitative Methods Into a User-Centred Design Approach. JMIR Research Protocols, 5(1), e28. doi: 10.2196/resprot.5204.

Steele Gray et al. (2016). Supporting Goal-Oriented Primary Health Care for Seniors with Complex Care Needs Using Mobile Technology: Evaluation and Implementation of the Health System Performance Research Network, Bridgepoint Electronic Patient Reported Outcome Tool. JMIR Research Protocols, 5(2), e126. doi: 10.2196/resprot.5756

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